Oxford Type I
This category covers a wide range of projects that aim to reduce and avoid emissions versus business as usual. Examples include: renewable energy, destruction of refrigerants that would otherwise be vented to the atmosphere, and capture of methane emitted from landfills.
Istanbul Landfill Gas Capture
Fuzhou Landfill Gas Capture
Actively curbing potent greenhouse gas emissions where they otherwise would occur is one of the most effective actions we can take today. Avoided emissions from this category are typically irreversible, and it’s often straightforward to quantify the exact amount of CO2 emissions avoided through project activity.
Additionality: Carbon credits count as additional only when funded by the credit itself. If a project is already profitable without this financing, or mandated by law, it's not additional. We are invariably cautious of projects, especially many renewable ones, that don't meet this criterion.
Potential overestimation: Some projects, such as distributing cleaner cookstoves in rural areas, might exaggerate their emission reductions by assuming too much stove usage or by overestimating biomass that would have emitted without the program. We focus on choosing projects that have clear & transparent metrics.